Linux and Windows both are operating systems which differ in their functionality and user friendliness.
Linux is developed by Open Source development i.e. through sharing and collaboration of code and features, through forums and it is freely distributed through magazines, books and can be downloaded freely. It enables complete access to the source code where user has the right to access complete source code and to alter it as per its requirements.
Windows is developed, marketed and sold by Microsoft. It is under the proprietary Licence and has closed source code which is not known by anyone except the member of elite group of Microsoft. It code is not available to the users.
Advantages of using LINUX
Windows get obsolete with the arrival of new operating system. Since XP, Microsoft has released several major replacement versions: Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8, 8.1 (recently upgraded to Windows 10). With the arrival of new operating system Microsoft stops giving it support to old version. So if we decided to continue work on the old OS, Microsoft won’t help us anymore, no more security updates, no more support. It means we are using at our own risk after supports ends, which make it highly unstable. Secondly as it has closed source code. We cannot trace at all which information has leaked out of the system. This makes the system vague which is threat to security.
Despite of so many advantages, LINUX is not as popular as WINDOWS OS
Ease of use:- Linux operating system is not as easy to use as Windows. It required sound technical knowledge about its functioning and become very challenging to first time user. It is mostly used as the operating system for SERVERS. Window on the other hand is user friendly. Microsoft has been designing windows from early 90’S since then we are familiar with it functioning. Though it comes with the new version after some times but the basic functionality does not change, it is just about to learn more or experience something new. It is commonly found on home, workplace and school computers.
Non- compatible to WINDOWS Programs :- Window application not runs on LINUX OS. Though Linux developers have done a great job at creating alternatives to popular Windows applications, there are still some applications that exist on Windows that have no equivalent Linux application.
Unawareness: - People do not have much awareness of Linux OS. Linux does not have the luxury of being the most widely-used operating system in the world. As such, new users have to re-learn how to perform simple tasks on an unfamiliar and often complicated system, which can be off putting for the casual consumer. Microsoft has been producing its system software for nearly 30 years. For people, Operating system means WINDOWS OS .It is commonly found at homes, offices and schools systems.
Given their different strengths and utility, it’s difficult to definitively state whether Linux or Windows is the better OS. Whether or not each one will be a good fit for your business depends a lot on how your company operates, and what applications it uses. LINUX definitely has an edge over WINDOWS but its utility entirely lies on the user choice and needs.